Surrounded by Peru , Paraguay , Argentina , Brazil and Chile , Bolivia is called the “Tibet of the Andes” due to the fact that, of all the countries in South America , it is located at the highest altitude, being at the same time the most isolated one on the continent. That is how this fabulously landscaped country managed to keep at a distance of modern society influence.
Bolivia , with a population over 8 million inhabitants, has its capital at Sucre , but the government headquarters are in La Paz .
Archeological investigations certify the development of the first civilizations in the Bolivian are some two thousand years Before Christ. Among these, Wankarani, Chiria and Tiwanaku, followed by the powerful Inca domination represented the main pre-Columbian civilization cultures, until their conquest by the Spanish in 1535. The Spanish rule lasted three hundred years until, through the half a century popular uprisings, independence was attained. The Bolivian state was officially declared independent on August 6 th , 1825, in La Plata (currently Sucre ) and got its name in honor of the liberator, Simon Bolivar. The Pacific War (1879/1884) between Chile and Bolivia , results in a great territorial loss of the latter – the border with the ocean, with severe repercussions on the economy.
Nowadays, Bolivia is among the poorest countries in South America, but the incredible landscapes of the Andes surrounding it and the traces of the old civilizations make it rich in point of culture, as it represents a unique destination for daring and independent travelers.